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Cleveland inches closer to right to counsel for citizens in need facing eviction

Posted September 5, 2019
4:07 pm

Written by Jeremy Nobile in Crain's Cleveland Business on 9/05/2019

Call it a progressive move for Cleveland.

The city is one step closer to legislating a right to counsel in housing court for low-income individuals, thanks to Cleveland City Council legislation introduced on Aug. 21.

If successfully established, Cleveland would become just the fourth city in the country — behind New York City, San Francisco and Newark, N.J. — with a guaranteed right to counsel. Studies show that would stand to benefit not just the individuals and their families facing eviction, but the wider community and, perhaps counterintuitively, even the real estate market itself.

It's something citizens need in Cleveland, where the number of homeless families living in emergency shelters doubled from 2008 to 2016.

Statistics from the Ohio Supreme Court indicate there are roughly 9,000 evictions filed each year in Cleveland — where about 58% of all homes are rentals — and about 20,000 countywide. Meanwhile, an analysis by The Eviction Lab indicates an average of 12 people were evicted each day in Cleveland in 2016, where the eviction rate of 4.53% is nearly double the national average.

Establishing a right to counsel has been a driving focus for the Legal Aid Society of Cleveland under folks like Hazel Remesch, supervising attorney in the nonprofit's housing group and a leader in the related Housing Justice Alliance.

You can read more about the history of right to counsel, why it's needed and movements to legislate those rights in U.S. cities in recent years in this Crain's story from July.

Part of the challenge is securing funding to administer the program and pay lawyers who'd work on the related cases.

The present legislation — which has to go through committee and then back to council for a proper vote — calls for serving individuals facing eviction who live within 100% of federal poverty guidelines. It also establishes United Way of Greater Cleveland as the lead partner organization in the effort.

"The Housing Justice Alliance and its goal to create a right to counsel is possible because of the Cleveland Housing Court's history of fairness and creative programming to benefit the community," said Cleveland legal aid spokeswoman Melanie Shakarian. "The Housing Justice Alliance — as considered by Legal Aid over the past 18 months with help from the Sisters of Charity Foundation — could only have been developed knowing we could implement this in a court open to positive systemic changes. With help from United Way as the lead agency, low-income tenants will not only have access to full representation: More tenants will get to know the housing court's social service referral program, understand the rent escrow process, benefit from mediation and learn from housing court specialists."

United Way notes that in Cuyahoga County, 80% of landlords cited nonpayment of rent as the primary cause for their eviction filing, and 40% of homeless families cited eviction as their primary reason for living in a shelter.

An average of $1,200 in rental support would have prevented eviction, according to preliminary research by Case Western Reserve University shared by United Way. That's a fraction of the cost of a stay at an emergency shelter for a family, which can cost more than $16,000 on average, according to the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

"The Impact Institute will play a vital role in this citywide effort to restore effective, long-term housing solutions for our Cleveland-area neighbors," said Augie Napoli, president and CEO of United Way of Greater Cleveland, in a statement. "This legislation is not about tenant versus landlord; it's about stabilizing the person in need to prevent eviction, which is one of the first steps in permanently breaking the cycle of poverty, and we applaud Council president Kevin Kelley for his leadership and determination to quickly advance this important legislation."


Speaking of attorneys, the Ohio Supreme Court this week launched a website offering free legal services for Ohioans.

Ohio Legal Help offers free information on common legal issues, court details, legal forms and attorney referrals. It was created by the Ohio Legal Assistance Foundation (OLAF), which is sponsored by the Ohio Supreme Court, the Ohio State Bar Association and the Ohio Library Council.

"The Supreme Court's Task Force on Access to Justice recommended in 2015 that Ohio develop a statewide website that provides free and accurate legal information and standardized forms," Chief Justice Maureen O'Connor said in a statement on Court News Ohio, the court's communications page. "Ohio Legal Help is that website and will increase access to justice for all Ohioans."

The court said the site is expected to attract more than 300,000 users in its first year.

You can find the site at

Click here to read the full article on Crain's Cleveland Business.